Sivapuri is 2732 m at its peak with numerous sharp ridges radiating to all sides. Situated towards the north of the Kathmandu Valley, due to its strategic location and expediency, Shivapuri was proclaimed as a watershed area supplying more than a million liters of natural spring water to the city. After Shivapuri experienced several problems concerning soil erosion as a result of deforestation, over-grazing, cultivation on steep slopes, etc.; reducing the quality and quantity of the water supplied, Nepal Government initiated a program to protect Shivapuri and its bordering areas as a watershed and wildlife reserve in 1975. As recently as, in mid 2002 Shivapuri Watershed and Wildlife Reserve was officially given a National Park status.
Shivapuri National Park is a home to 177 species of birds, of which 9 are enlisted as endangered, 19 species of mammals and 150 species of butterflies, some endemic and rare. This is, out of the total of 800 species of birds, 130 species of mammals and 600 species of butterflies found in Nepal, thus making Shivapuri a paradise for flora and fauna and one of the two National Parks situated in the capital around the world.
Godavari is a small village situated at the foot of Phulchoki, at 14 km southeast of Kathmandu. The road of Patan city (9 km) passes through the small scenic Newari town of Harisiddhi, Thaibu and Badegaon, where people still hang chillies and onions on their windows. Godavari is famous for its picnic spots and the Royal Botanical Garden. A fish hatchery, the St. Xavier’s School, and the Phulchowki (the highest hill in the valley – 2715 meters.), are part of the landmark of Godavari.
Botanical garden is landscaped over 72 hectares of land. Over 500 species of plants can be found in the various gardens. Godawari peak flowering seasons in the garden fall in spring and in autumn. The coming of spring is indicated by the bloom of Rhododendron arboreum, the national flower of Nepal, and the theatrical appearance of a number of colorful flowers in the garden beds and the surrounding forests. Godawari gardens are also the dwelling place for butterflies, the Godavari area being the pool for hundreds of species, Maps and plant listings are available at the gate.